NOW IT'S TIME TO CHOOSE AN APPROPRIATE INDICATOR

It may not come as a surprise that that organization decisions should be based on evidence. That is why having reliable data to feed into the indicator is just as important as having a well-designed indicator to begin with.

Indicators give an accurate representation of what it is you are trying to understand in a system. In order to understand the system, it is important to choose indicators that are well-defined and that encompass what it is you are trying to measure. This is also referred to as metadata.


hOW DO I KNOW IF I HAVE CHOSEN A GOOD INDICATOR?

You've chosen a good indicator if:

  1. It is important and relevant to you
  2.  You can populate it with valid data
  3. And, when used effectively, will result in what you intended

Consider these 10 questions when designing your indicator:

  1. What is being measured?
  2. Why is it being measured?
  3. How is this indicator actually defined?
  4. Who does it measure?
  5. When does it measure it?
  6. Will it measure absolute numbers or proportions?
  7. Where does the data come from?
  8. How accurate and complete will the data be?
  9. Are there any warnings or problems?
  10.  Are particular tests needed (such as standardization, significance tests, or statistical process control) to test the meaning of the data and variation they show?