NOW IT'S TIME TO CHOOSE AN APPROPRIATE INDICATOR
It may not come as a surprise that that organization decisions should be based on evidence. That is why having reliable data to feed into the indicator is just as important as having a well-designed indicator to begin with.
Indicators give an accurate representation of what it is you are trying to understand in a system. In order to understand the system, it is important to choose indicators that are well-defined and that encompass what it is you are trying to measure. This is also referred to as metadata.
hOW DO I KNOW IF I HAVE CHOSEN A GOOD INDICATOR?
You've chosen a good indicator if:
- It is important and relevant to you
- You can populate it with valid data
- And, when used effectively, will result in what you intended
Consider these 10 questions when designing your indicator:
- What is being measured?
- Why is it being measured?
- How is this indicator actually defined?
- Who does it measure?
- When does it measure it?
- Will it measure absolute numbers or proportions?
- Where does the data come from?
- How accurate and complete will the data be?
- Are there any warnings or problems?
- Are particular tests needed (such as standardization, significance tests, or statistical process control) to test the meaning of the data and variation they show?